We provide diagnosis, treatment and management of diseases which affect the human eye and visual system. Some examples include:
Dry Eye Syndrome is a condition in which there are insufficient tears to lubricate and nourish the eye. Tears are necessary for maintaining the health of the front surface of the eye and for providing clear vision. People with dry eyes either do not produce enough tears or have a poor quality of tears. Symptoms include scratchy eyes, burning, mild redness and gritty feeling eyes. Oral medications, reading, computer tasks and dry environments may aggravate marginally dry eyes. You can relieve the symptoms, but not cure the original cause. Treatment may include artificial tears; eye drops for treating allergies; and/or punctual plugs inserted in the tear drainage canals.
Keratoconus is a disorder that occurs when the cornea, which is typically rounded, becomes cone-shaped. The progression is usually slow and can stop at any stage from mild to severe. This distortion increases as the cornea bulges and thins. The apex of the cornea often scars, reducing the vision. Treatment of Keratoconus is most effective with gas permeable contact lenses, designed specifically for the irregular corneal surface. If contact lens treatment is not successful, surgical corneal transplant may be necessary.
Diabetic Retinopathy is a condition where sugar levels start a series of events which end in damaged blood vessel walls. As such, the blood vessels begin to leak fluid or bleed, resulting in hemorrhages and swelling followed by the formation of yellow deposits known as exudates. Vision can be lost where some of these hemorrhages and exudative spots occur. The best treatment is to have a yearly eye examination to identify if these spots are present. We carefully examine the back of your eyes and provide you with the results and additionally offer these to other physicians for a multidisciplinary treatment program.
Cataract is a clouding or opacity of the natural internal lens of the eye. This opacity may be a small spot or may cover the entire lens. When light enters the eye it is scattered, causing images to appear hazy and blurred. There are many different types of cataracts. Ultimately, the best treatment is to remove the cataract lens and replace it with an acrylic man-made lens. This is referred to as cataract surgery.
Macular Degeneration is a condition in which the central part of the back of the eye loses blood circulation. It is considered a natural aging process. There is a breakdown of retinal pigment epithelium cells in the macular region. As the disease progresses, central vision diminishes. It is believed that this breakdown may be due to a lack of nutrients being supplied to the region. Additional studies have found a genetic link to this disease. Treatment can include better nutritional management, sometimes to include a tablet containing the primary minerals and vitamins that are found lacking in many macular degenerated patients.
Glaucoma occurs when the pressure inside of the eye increases to the point where it damages the sensitive retinal nerves that line the back of the eye. There are a multitude of tests that we provide to evaluate the possibility of Glaucoma. For example, the light color found here, in the center of the optic nerve head, is a classic observation found in Glaucoma. Other tests include evaluation of the Nerve Fiber thickness around the optic nerve. Threshold Field tests are also very important in the ongoing evaluations needed to monitor the treatment program which most frequently includes the selection of the most appropriate eye medication.